Zhong Kui achieved top honors in the exams, but was stopped from taking the title earned after the emperor saw how truly ugly Zhong Kui was. Just as the ghost was about to escape, a larger ghost dressed as an official appeared. Those who scored well would earn a position in the emperor’s court and become wealthy and influential members of the bureaucracy, while those who did poorly would be excluded from all but the most menial positions. The legend has it that one day Zhong Kui and his friend Du Ping traveled a long way to take part in imperial examinations. In ancient Chinese culture, there was a story called “Zhong Kui makes his sister’s marriage”. According to legend, Zhong Kui was once a top student. It stars Xing Zhao Lin (Eternal Love), Jian Ren Zi (Game of Hunting), Xuan Lu and Xu Wen Hao. Zhong Kui however was cast out of the heavens and denied the chance to be a deity when the emperor saw how ugly his appearance. In Kyoto city, some people still hang Zhong Kui’s image on the eaves and rooftops of their homes. According to some stories his appearance was not even so dramatic; the rejection was based on messy hair and a square face. Zhong Kui’s legend was a tragic one. Knowing his story is an important part of understanding Chinese culture. He was a large man with a square face, saucer-like eyes, a huge mouth, and curly whiskers. Instead, he was stripped of all honors because of his unsightly appearance—he had a square face, fish-like eyes, and unkempt hair. But Zhong Kui, who is drunk, refuses to leave. The story of Zhong Kui, however, showed that exam results were often not the only factor in career success. Because he was shut out of the imperial court for his appearance, Zhong Kui takes special care of those who are marginalized by society. One day, he is again in a wine house drowning his frustration in drink. In addition to this protection, the King of the Ghosts had one boon to give. The story picks up again in the Song Dynasty text “Bu Mengqi Bitan” (補夢溪筆談) by Shen Kuo (沈括). King Yama recognized Zhong Kui’s potential and named him “King of Ghosts”, charging him to hunt and capture evil spirits. He and his childhood best friend, Du Ping, traveled from their hometown to the capital to take the imperial examinations. This honor, however, was soon unjustly stripped from him. Where can I read Exorcist Zhong Kui? I am the owner and chief researcher at this site. I have been in love with all things related to Mythology. His best friend buried him respectfully, but his manner of death meant Zhong Kui would be consigned to punishment in the underworld. To help in this task, he was also given command of an army of eighty thousand ghosts. Zhong Kui is a character in many Chinese operas, TV shows, movies, and video games. Cast aside by the emperor in spite of his excellent scores, Zhong Kui was so furious and frustrated that he killed himself at the palace gates. According to some stories his appearance was not even so dramatic; the rejection was based on messy hair and a square face. After killing many monsters, Zhong Kui and his apprentice Qin Shuang found a bizarre connection between these monsters and their some odd setup. Zhong Kui was an unattractive man with a scarred and disfigured face. As a young man, Zhong Kui traveled to Chang’an (modern day Xi’an) with his friend Du Ping (杜平) to sit the imperial civil service exam. When he was judged, however, this fate was changed. The ghost stole a purse that belonged to the emperor’s favorite concubine and the emperor’s jade flute. His story was so well-loved that it even traveled beyond China. However, the imperial ministers feared Zhang Kui’s hideous appearance would bring shame to the empire, so they stripped him of his title. His image is a fierce man with a messy beard, wide-open eyes, a hook nose and bell-like ears. Poll. Despite exceling in the imperial exams, the emperor of China refused to grant Zhong Kui the position of physician because of his appearance. In the first version of the legend, Zhong Kui went to the underworld where he came before King Yama, the king of hell. He is generally depicted as a terrifying figure with a wild beard, war-like demeanor, and accompanied by a diminutive ghost companion. This should have earned him eternal punishment, but a more powerful ruler would soon see his potential. Zhong Yui died trying to get back into the heavens upon his death Zhong Yui went to the underworld world. The King of the underworld recognized his intelligence and potential. To repay Du Ping's kindness, Zhong Kui gave him his younger sister in marriage. Stories from Tang dynasty states that one day the emperor Xuanzong dreamed that one small ghost stole away the purse of imperial consort. Get paid for your art. In protest, Zhong Kui committed suicide upon the palace steps by crushing his own skull against the palace gate. The story of Zhong Kui 2020-06-26 Zhong Kui is a legendary figure who defeats ghosts. Although he was was intelligent and loyal, Zhong Kui wasn’t much to look at. He returned to his hometown to be with his family for the celebration of the New Year. Such images are thought to scare away evil spirits that mean harm. COVID-19 Safety Regulations and Protocols, The Dangers of Hallucinations During Meditation. • Zhong Kui was venerated in Chinese folk religion as one of the three Lords of Demon-Subduer (三伏魔帝君) in Southern China region. There are a lot of stories about Zhong Kui, and even novellas were created, such as Zhanguizhuan斬鬼傳 "Beheading the ghosts", Pingguizhuan平鬼傳 "Pacifying the demons" or Zhong Kui jia mei鍾馗嫁妹 "Zhong Kui weds his sister" (or 鍾馗嫁魅 "Zhong Kui's ghost wedding"). Zhong Kui was given dominion over all ghosts. Synopsis The story of Chinese legendary anti-hero Zhong Kui, a young man endowed with mysterious powers who is forced into a battle among the realms of Heaven, Earth and Hell in the course of his attempt to save his countrymen and the woman he loves. His image is often found on household gates because it is believed that he possessed the power to repel evil and protect the people. With an army of demons at his command and orders to control the ghosts of the underworld, he vowed to protect even the people who had done him wrong. In the old days, people in China used to hang a picture of Zhong Kui in their homes during the Dragon Boat Festival. When the emperor recovered, he described the scene to the court painter, Wu Daozi (吳道子). A scholar, Zhong Kui (Huang Wenyong), has failed the imperial examinations time and again. Although Zhong Kui scored at the top of his class, he wasn’t awarded a position in the emperor’s government. My name is Mike and for as long as I can remember (too long!) For many centuries, Zhong Kui was one of the most popular protective deities of Chinese culture. Upload stories, poems, character descriptions & more. Zhong Kui's popularity in folklore can be traced to the glorious reign of Emperor Xuanzong (712-756) of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The drama will be split into six stories, each inspired by Chinese folklore. He then became a ghost hunter. Zhong Kui vowed to use his new position to protect all people, including the emperor who had spurned him, from ghosts and malevolent spirits. Zhong Kui is said to be himself the ghost of a man who failed to pass the civil service examinations and committed suicide. Because he is a warrior himself and can summon an army of supernatural creatures, he is believed to be one of the most powerful protective deities in existence. He recognized that he was exceptionally intelligent and had a vast knowledge of the law. Zhong Kui appeared before King Yan, the ruler and judge of the dead. He knew, however, that as someone who committed suicide Zhong Kui was doomed to punishment in the underworld. He even gave his sister in marriage to his friend Du Ping to thank him for his kindness. Plot Summary | Add Synopsis The imperial examinations were required of all men who sought to earn a position in the government. Even near-perfect grades did not make up for his unpleasant features. He also protects those who are not held in high esteem in some areas of their lives. He is wearing a black gauze cap, black court shoes and a red robe, holding a sword in … And Du Ping helped Zhong Kui generously and gave him a … Even a relatively low position in the imperial court represented a major change in social status, influence, and wealth. Men, too, are thought to be affected by such painted figures if their intentions are wicked. Zhong Kui is still revered as a protective deity in both China and Japan. These exams set the course of a man’s career in the imperial government. The painting illustrates a rebus: "marrying off one's sister" (jia mei) is a pun for "subjugating demons." Those who are excluded from positions of power, status, or wealth through no fault of their own can take comfort in the hope that one day they, like Zhong Kui, will be recognized for their talents. It was commonly known that the most coveted positions typically went to the sons of well-regarded noble families, but the exams still provided opportunities for less renowned men like Zhong Kui and Du Ping. In the second version of the legend, when the emperor learned of Zhong Kui’s suicide, he was filled with shame. In the old days, the picture of Zhong Kui was ted on the walls of almost all Chinese homes. Early Chinese texts suggest another possible origin to the Zhong Kui legend. What is the difference between Qigong, Meditation, and Inner Alchemy. character from Chinese mythology, Zhong Kui (鍾馗), was also an outstanding scholar, with a disfigured appearance, who was unfairly denied examination honors by the Emperor, who commits suicide, and who then again makes his appearance as a powerful vanquisher of ghosts and demons. Known as Kui God or King of Ghosts, Zhong communicates with the three realms of heaven, earth and hell, connecting gods, people and ghosts. He was stripped of his accomplishments and rejected for a place at court, however, because he was not attractive. Read on to find out how a disgraced scholar won an army of demons! His image is painted on doors to ward off evil spirits and bad luck. Besides figures paintings, he also excelled at painting birds and plants.Ren Yi was fond of depicting immortals and legendary figures such as Zhong Kui. Perhaps over time, the flower was forgotten, and the legend of Zhong Kui, demon hunter began. The oldest known image of Shōki dates back to the reign of the Japanese Emperor Goshirakawa (1127-1192). Zhong Kui - The God that catches Ghost This folktale tells the story of an ordinary scholar turns into a vanquisher of ghost and evil beings. While lying in bed, he saw a ghost enter his room. Because the imperial court valued beauty as much as talent, the emperor refused to give him the place he had earned. The legend of ‘ghost hunter’ Zhong Kui is one such story. Because the imperial court valued beauty as much as talent, the emperor refused to give him the place he had earned. Among a long list of folk gods in traditional Chinese mythology, Zhong Kui is worshiped as a very special deity. This would be their only opportunity to earn positions that would put them close to the seat of power. Because he returned to be with his family then, it is believed that he may make special trips to Earth on holidays to offer protection for the coming year. In Imperial China, a man’s fortunes could be made or lost based on the result of one test. Zhong Kui is a character in many Chinese operas, TV shows, movies, and video games. Please like and share this article if you found it useful. He offered Zhong Kui a place in the bureaucracy of Hell even though he had been denied one on Earth. At this point, there are different versions of what happened next: In the first version of the legend, Zhong Kui went to the underworld where he came before King Yama, the king of hell. Zhong Kui (鍾馗) is a legendary Daoist demon hunter. Zhong Kui was elevated to a position of power and leadership after his death. He was charged with controlling them and capturing any who threatened the world of the living. This was also a position of military leadership. It is painted with enamel on porcelain, and the base has the reign mark of the Daoguang Emperor who ruled … Zhong Kui was so furious that he threw himself against the palace gates over and over until his head was broken. Then, Zhong Kui viewed to protect all men, even the emperor who had rejected him, from malevolent spirits. There is a story that the Emperor Xuanzong of Tang once dreamed that a small ghost stole the purse of the imperial consort. Traditionally regarded as a vanquisher of ghosts and evil beings, and reputedly able to command 80,000 demons, his image is often painted on household gates as a guardian spirit, as well as in places of business where high-value goods are involved. The story of Zhong Kui began in the eighth century during the Tang dynasty (618–907). In Taoism, Zhong Kui was a man who desired to be the emperor's personal physician. Vanquisher of demons, Zhong Kui plays an important role as a mythological guardian figure, popular in Chinese art from as early as the Tang dynasty. Believers in China also pay special care to Zhong Kui on New Year’s Day. The larger ghost introduced himself to the emperor as Zhong Kui. He gave his sister to Du Ping as his wife, uniting their families. Zhong Kui (鍾馗) is a legendary Daoist demon hunter. Commission. Read on to find... Duomu is the heavenly goddess of Chinese cosmology. I was just surprised to see Zhong Kui … Sell custom creations to people who love your style. In his book, Gaiyu Congkao (陔餘叢考) Zhao Yi (趙翼) says that the legend started because of the Zhong Kui flower (終葵). As it happens to be the day commemorating the ghost festival, the owner of the wine house and his workers are anxious to get home. The story goes like that: one Chinshih went to the capital to take part in an examination. He wonders who at the university would be powerful enough to host something like this and tells Ouyang Kai that the school is … Zhong Kui received the highest score on the exam, earning him the rank of Zhuang Yuan, which guaranteed fame and fortune. In anger, Zhong Kui threw himself against the palace gates until he broke his skull. He became a well-known figure in Japan, as well. Another bigger ghost captured the smaller one and returned the purse. His friend Du Ping buried him. Imagine how surprised his family and friends were! Unlike the emperor, Yan saw potential in Zhong Kui. After getting in deep trouble because of his painfully stubborn and headstrong personality, Zhong Kui is banished from the heavens to live as a human with no memories of his past. His duty was to maintain order over all ghosts. As a young man, Zhong Kui traveled to Chang’an (modern day Xi’an) with his friend Du Ping (杜平) to sit the imperial civil service exam. In both countries, he is one of the deities painted on doors of businesses, temples, and homes to provide protection. They were shocked to see him and to learn about his newfound status in the underworld. The story of Zhong Kui not only offers a source of protection against evil, but also of inspiration. It depicts Zhong Kui (the Chinese demon killer) accompanying his sister to her wedding ceremony. Although his manner of death had doomed him, King Yan instead offered Zhong Kui a position of great authority in the underworld. Years later, another emperor, Emperor Xuanzong (玄宗) fell ill after archery practice. Both versions of the legend agree that Zhong Kui’s spirit then returned home to celebrate the New Year. The painting on this bottle is a common Chinese theme. Zhong Kui was devastated and committed suicide by bashing his head on the palace steps over and over. This ghost was the one and only ghost hunter Zhong Kui. He borrowed the travelling expenses from the kind man Du Ping. He excelled in all areas of study and rightfully earned the title of top scorer, beating out every other young man who took that year’s exams. The comic climax to this spectacle is Zhong Kui himself—stone drunk and propped atop a small donkey by three retainers while his sister sits helplessly astride a recalcitrant water buffalo. He died in a tragic and dramatic suicide. Once, Emperor Xuanzong (reigned 712–56) fell ill with fever and dreamt that a small demon broke into the palace and began to wreak havoc. Find out what other deviants think - about anything at all. There, his name is Shoki but his shameful death and elevation to power in the underworld remain unchanged. Wen Tian Lu 问天录 is a Chinese drama that follows a young Zhong Kui as he bands together with friends to form a three-man team dedicated to catching demons. The story is set at the end of the Tang Dynasty. He died locked out of the court that his scores should have earned him a place in. Ren was a versatile artist who incorporated numerous styles in his paintings. He was given the title King of Ghosts and tasked with hunting down spirits who strayed from the underworld. Zhong Kui was a mortal man who was offended the chance to become a for his heroic deeds. Nov 24, 2018 - Zhong Kui (Chinese: 鍾馗) is the vanquisher of ghosts and evil beings. In pursuit of his real identity, he crosses paths with Yang Ren Zhi and Ling Xi who join in his travel to become faithful allies. This belief may be tied to the fact that he sought access to the imperial court, the center of Chinese wealth and economic power. The emperor passed him over but a more powerful ruler the king of the entire underworld, saw his true potential. In ancient times, Zhong Kui and his friend, Du Ping (杜平), took the imperial exams. Ren Yi (1840-1895), also known as Ren Bonian, was a representative painter of the Shanghai School. Zhong Kui was born in the Zhongnan Mountain area in the early Tang Dynasty. Before he returned to his duties, Zhong Kui repaid his friend, Du Ping, for the care and honor he had shown at his burial. Early Chinese texts suggest another possible origin to the Zhong Kui legend. In the second version of the legend, when the emperor learned of Zhong Kui’s suicide, he was filled with shame. Zhong Kui received the highest score on the exam, earning him the rank of Zhuang Yuan, which guaranteed fame and fortune. Zhong Kui was an intelligent young man who earned near-perfect grades in the competitive imperial examinations. Eventually Zhong became the King of Ghosts in Hell and one Chinese New Year's eve he returned to his hometown. He ordered Zhong Kui to be buried in official’s robes and awarded him the Zhuang Yuan title posthumously. Finally they find out that someone is trying to set up an this kind of array in the capital. While disappointment and frustration may be overwhelming believers can hope that they, like Zhong Kui, will someday have a change in fortune. The Painting of Zhong Kui Catching a Ghost, very popular among the folk people, comes from a story recorded in The Book of Unofficial History. In the Tang Dynasty, another door god named Zhong Kui, an excellent ghost catcher, became popular. The story of Zhong Kui also serves as an inspiration to those who do not have access to the highest rungs of the social ladder. Ask the community. The story picks up again in the Song Dynasty text “Bu Mengqi Bitan” (補夢溪筆談) by Shen Kuo (沈括). Another Han Dynasty author named Ma Rong (馬融) says that people would wave around the Zhong Kui flower as part of a ritual to protect from evil spirits. Zhong Kui was born in the Zhongnan Mountain area in the early Tang Dynasty. Zhong Kui is one of the most well-loved folk heroes of Chinese mythology. His legend began in the Tang Dynatry, and by the Song Dynasty he had been adopted into the Daoist pantheon. 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