Which of the following has NOT been identified as a possible cause of autism spectrum disorders? Her teacher is concerned and has referred her to the special education teacher for evaluation. The reading instruction approach that emphasizes teaching the basic rules for translating written symbols into sounds is called ______. ... recent research shows that there is evidence of a neurological basis for ADHD. _____________ age is Binet's measure of an individual's level of intellectual development compared with that of others. Changes that occur in terms of information processing during middle and late childhood include memory, thinking, and. CBT is relevant for adults with ADHD in two ways. Recent results suggest that children with ADHD tend to watch more TV than children who are not diagnosed with the disorder. Robert Sternberg's ______ theory of intelligence claims that intelligence consists of analytical intelligence, creative intelligence, and practical intelligence. The intelligence proposed by Howard Gardner that involves the ability to understand oneself is called _________________ intelligence. ______ intelligence consists of the ability to design, invent, originate, and imagine. ________________ thinking is when a person thinks reflectively, productively, and evaluates evidence. research has consistently shown that students who are positively reinforced for correct responses learn faster. Which of the following are some of Gardner's proposed types of intelligences? Because of improvements in logical reasoning and analytical skills. Knowing about knowing or thinking about thought is called. Recent research has shown that aerobic exercise can improve which of the following cognitive skills in children? ADHD is estimated to occur in about ____ percent of school-age children worldwide. If your child has ADHD, you may wonder if your parenting skills have something to do with it. Interventions with children who have learning disabilities often focus on improving which of the following? In addition, recent studies with fMRI imaging show variations in areas of the brain that control many ADHD symptoms. https://quizlet.com/137107128/exam-4-psych-433-questions-flash-cards Which of the following IQ scores is associated with a diagnosis of intellectual disability on a traditional intelligence test? First, in recent years, ... Stimulant and non-stimulant medication has been shown in numerous studies to be effective for treating ADHD in adults. Working memory is where individuals: (Select all that apply. (Remember to type only one word in the blank.). Despite the progress in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of children and adults with ADHD, the disorder has remained controversial. Joel, a 9-year-old European American boy, is more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than Samantha, a 10-year-old African American girl. Which of the following is accurate in regards to the long-term outlook for schizophrenia patients? Which type of learning disability is specifically related to an impairment in the ability to read and spell? Student's with a ______________ disability are the largest group to receive special education services. ... OTHER QUIZLET SETS. Can a person be diagnosed… If children show high verbal abilities, Gardner might suggest they consider an occupation such as a. ASD has many similarities to ADHD, but there are also differences between the two. In the traditional ______ approach to reading instruction, the main focus is learning the rules for translating written symbols (the printed alphabet) into sounds. Researchers have found that there are more than ______ genes that affect intelligence. You’re not alone: Many people believe that bad parenting causes the condition. Don’t blame yourself. It is characterized by some persistent (lasting at least 6 months) symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention that significantly impacts daily life or typical development. Self-control training programs have been shown to have limited effectiveness. (Remember to type only one word in the blank.). ), manipulate and assemble information when they make decisions. The worldwide increase in intelligence test scores that has occurred over a short time frame has been called ______. Piaget proposed that the _________ operational stage lasts from approximately 7 to 11 years of age. True or false: The number of children diagnosed with ADHD has decreased in recent decades. Childresn's ___________skills become smoother and more coordinated in middle and late childhood. Autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, includes what used to be called Autistic Disorder, Asperger syndrome, or Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified, all of which affect a person’s social and emotional skills and nonverbal communication. As of 2006 there was a shortage of data regarding ADHD drugs' potential adverse effects, with very few studies assessing the safety or efficacy of treatments beyond four months, and no randomized controlled trials assessing for periods of usage longer than two years. It manifests as an unusually high and chronic level of inatten-tion, impulsivity/hyperactivity, or both, and it may affect more than 2 million school-aged children.2 Recent statistics indicate that, Alfred Binet developed the first _________ test. True or false: A person's mental age is always the same as chronological age. An adolescent could take either the WISC-IV or the WAIS-IV. To examine this relationship, a researcher obtains a random sample of n = 36 children, 8 to 12 years old, who have been diagnosed with ADHD. Humans conduct biofeedback naturally all the time, at varied levels of consciousness and intentionality. Studies show that pregnant women who smoke or drink alcohol may have a higher risk of having a child with ADHD. During middle and late____________car accidents are the leading cause of severe injury or death. But less is … d. all of the above. Six or more of the following symptoms of inattention have been present for at least 6 months to a point that is disruptive and inappropriate for developmental level: 1.1. Ritalin, the ADHD medication, raises dopamine levels, and other research has found that it can reduce gaming. When schools pay attention to helping students develop skills that entail knowing about their own knowing, those schools are fostering. Although not classified as "developmental disorders" most psychological disorders can be considered developmental in nature because they: The major reason that developmental disorders are considered to be so serious in terms of their capacity to disrupt later functioning is: An individual diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder will always present with: Which of the following often overlaps with ADHD? When people think reflectively and productively and evaluate evidence, they are using ______. Which area of the brain shows an increase in brain pathways and circuitry during middle and late childhood? Male Enhancement Free On a positive note, recent research found vaping is almost twice as effective as other nicotine replacement therapies in helping smokers quit. Recent research has shown that a. ADHD naturally resolves itself over the lifespan. His/her mental age is higher than his/her chronological age. What does it mean if a person's IQ is 115? Long-term memory increases with age during. Studies show that one in four children with a diagnosis of ADHD will have a close family member with ADHD. A(n) ______ test aims to indicate whether a given student can reason better than others who have taken the same test. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious public health problem affecting a large number of children and adults. The number of children diagnosed with ADHD has _____ in recent decades. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting both children and adults. An intelligence quotient (IQ) of _______________ would be calculated if the person's mental age is the same as his or her chronological age. Severe intellectual disability in all types. A(n) _____________ ______________includes difficulty in learning that involves understanding or using spoken or written language or doing mathematics. __________ is knowledge about memory and includes general knowledge about memory, such as knowing that recognition tests are easier than recall tests. Which of the following indexes is NOT part of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales? 1. Although precise causes have… From the ages of 7 to 30 years of age, researchers have found less diffusion and more focal activation in the____________cortex area of the brain. Most learning disability interventions usually aim to help children increase their ______ ability. Scans and other neuro-imaging research have shown that the brains of children with ADHD mature more slowly than do those of children without the disorder. ______ memory is a kind of mental "workbench" where individuals manipulate and assemble information when they make decisions, solve problems, and comprehend written and spoken language. __________ is the ability to speak two languages. In addition to an IQ usually below 70, which of the following factors are necessary for a diagnosis of intellectual disability? ... about 1/4 of individuals diagnosed with ADHD in childhood will continue to have significant symptoms into adulthood. Recent studies of twins link genes with ADHD. She is having difficulty with reading comprehension, spelling, and understanding mathematical concepts. 1) Often does not give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities. This research team found that 95% of the children with ADHD no longer met criteria for ADHD at age 38, i.e., only 3 of the 61 kids diagnosed with ADHD still had symptoms sufficient for a … Alexis is a 9-year-old girl in 4th grade. ... A recent research review concluded that _____ exercise is linked to children's cognitive skills. The most common type of hallucination experienced by psychotic individuals is ______________. Biofeedback is the process of gaining greater awareness of many physiological functions of one's own body, commercially by using electronic or other instruments, and with a goal of being able to manipulate the body's systems at will. Current research has found that differences between intelligence scores of identical and fraternal twins is. ________________ intelligence refers to the ability to judge, evaluate, compare, and contrast. The ability to speak two languages has a positive effect on children's cognitive development and is known as what. b. ADHD is caused by a single gene called DAT 1. c. The brain of children with ADHD is 3 to 4 percent smaller than children without ADHD. A recent research review concluded that ______ exercise is linked to children's cognitive skills. Three important aspects of thinking are critical thinking, creative thinking, and. Approximately 80% of children with a learning disability have what type of problems in school? Tests that are familiar to children from all socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds and tests that have no verbal questions are examples of ________________ -________________ tests. 2) Often has trouble kee… ______ are the leading cause of death during middle and late childhood. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehav-ioral disorder of childhood.' Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of autism spectrum disorders? Which term describes knowledge about one's own memory, such as a student's ability to know whether she has studied enough for a test? Which of the following special needs will Alexis most likely be diagnosed with? Recent Research Results Many independent prospective studies have now shown that if a mother is stressed, anxious or depressed while pregnant, her child is at increased risk for having a range of problems, including emotional problems, ADHD, conduct disorder and impaired cognitive development. Which of the following concepts encompasses problem-solving skills and the ability to learn from and adapt to experiences? Abigail is 10 years old and is learning to play tennis. Racial/ethnic minorities in particular have been reported to be diagnosed with ADHD at lower rates than white children, 7 and therefore may have unmet treatment needs. Positive thinking, or an optimistic attitude, is the practice of focusing on the good in any given situation. Learn more abou… d. all of the above ANSWER: c 28. What is the name of the family of disorders that is characterized by problems in social interaction, problems in verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors? A test that is familiar to children from all socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds and has items that are at least familiar to students taking the test is an example of what type of test? Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder include which of the following? Which of the following is NOT an advance in language skills that takes place in middle and late childhood? April 27, 2009 -- Kids with ADHD usually struggle in the classroom, but new research offers support that medication can help them achieve in school. 27. Social studies Unit 1 … Increased. When a person thinks in novel and unusual ways and comes up with unique solutions to problems, they are engaging in _____ thinking. Stimulant medication can be an effective way to help improve ______ in children with ADHD. ______________ is the ability to solve problems as well as learning from and adapting to experiences. What is the average growth in inches per year for children in elementary school? Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, debilitating disorder which may impact upon many aspects of an individual’s life, including academic difficulties, 1 social skills problems, 2 and strained parent-child relationships. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the Wechsler Intelligence Scales? Select all of the following that are symptoms of asthma. Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children is a syndrome of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. _______________- quotient is a person's mental age divided by chronological age, multiplied by one hundred. Ben is an 8-year-old boy who is described by his teacher as having a difficult time completing his work in class. ______________________ is a technique in which individuals are encouraged to come up with creative ideas in a group, play off each other's ideas, and say practically whatever comes to mind. ADHD has also been shown to have long-term adverse effects on academic performance, vocational success, and social-emotional development. Previous research has shown that watching television or playing video games on a console put teenagers at a slightly higher risk of developing ADHD behaviors. Who is credited with the development of the first intelligence test? The information learned will improve knowledge about the factors that increase the risk for ADHD, as well as the causes, and best treatments, and will aid the development of resources to help people living with ADHD. Written language skills improve prior to oral language skills. Stimulant medications seem to treat ADHD because they: Why would it be incorrect to say that individuals diagnosed with specific learning disorders are not intelligent. b. is caused by multiple genes. Why can children in middle and late childhood understand the appropriate use of comparatives (shorter, deeper) and subjectives ("If you were president...")? Lead exposure. He is easily distracted by noise in the classroom. Our new understanding of the brain promises to change the way we treat ADHD… Children's abilities in long-term memory continue to improve in middle and late childhood. The ________________ effect is the worldwide increase in intelligence test scores that has occurred over a short time frame. Recent research has shown that aerobic exercise can improve which of the following cognitive skills in children? Which of the following would be the appropriate diagnosis? Which of the following is a stimulant medication that can be effective in improving attention in children diagnosed with ADHD? CDC conducts research to expand on what is known about ADHD. Public Law 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, required that all students with disabilities be given a free and ______ public education. Identify which of the following are separate indexes included on the Wechsler Intelligence Scales. _________________ is the ability to think in novel and unusual ways and to come up with unique solutions to problems. Which of the following statements is TRUE? Exposure to lead, PCBs, or pesticides may also have a role. What disability involves a severe impairment of a child's ability to read and spell? Children grow an average of_________ to _________ inches per year during the elementary school years. The ACC has been suggested to have possible links with Social Anxiety, along with the amygdala part of the brain, but this research is still in its early stages. The ______ of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) applies to children who get bored with a task after only a few minutes. The most current research on brain imaging is starting to let us trace the wiring, so we can untangle the misconceptions that experts, as well as those with ADHD, have about the disorder and the brain. Which characteristic of ADHD is Ben displaying? Recent research has shown that ADHD a. is considered to be highly influenced by genetics with a relatively small role played by environmental influences. Real Science Defines ADHD as Real Disorder Some of the most prestigious scientific-based organizations in the world conclude that ADHD is a real disorder with potentially devastating consequences when not properly identified, diagnosed and treated. College instructors have found that ____% of high school graduates are not prepared for college level writing assignments. Relative to gender differences in learning disabilities, __________ (boys/girls) are more likely than __________(boys/girls) to be classified as having a learning disability. Research thus far shows that CBT can provide benefit whether or not the person is being treated with medication. __________-term memory is a relatively permanent type of memory that holds huge amounts of information for a sustained period of time. 1.2. The number of children diagnosed with ADHD has ______ in recent decades. Each child is asked to keep a journal recording how much time each day is spent watching TV. A person's IQ is ______ if the person's mental age is identical to his or her chronological age. Autism is associated with abnormalities in which of the following? The research, published this week in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, comes amid a mushrooming e-cigarette market and mounting public health worries. ______ intelligence involves the ability to use, apply, and implement ideas. Approximately 80% of children with a learning disability have ________problems, ADHD in which children demonstrate a high level of physical activity and do not do a good job of thinking before they act is ADHD with. Description. Results of research showing that auditory hallucinations are localized in the expressive speech area of the brain suggest that: Marshall has suffered from several symptoms that indicate a schizophrenia-related condition, but his symptoms have only been present for 4 months. Recent research has shown that ADHD is a disorder promoted by pharmaceutical companies and limited to Western countries. Public Law 94-142 is the education act that provided free and appropriate public education to which group of students? A child who has trouble focusing on any one thing at a time, or gets bored easily with a task after only a few minutes, is exhibiting what characteristic associated with ADHD? The largest number of children to be provided help in special-education programs are those who have. c. appears be related to the neurotransmitter dopamine. Which of the following changes in development are related to her ability to learn the sport? 2.5 years to 7.25 years Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of. Which of the following is NOT one of the types of intelligence discussed in Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence? Boys are classified as learning disabled ______ times as often as girls. Piaget defined the _______ stage as a time when children can reason logically as long as reasoning can be applied to specific examples. Causes and Brain Chemistry Research has demonstrated that ADHD has a very strong neurobiological basis. 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