Attach galvanized or stainless steel angle brackets to the bottom of the stringers. For example, if you want 7 inches (18 cm) tall stairs and your overall rise needs to be 56 inches (140 cm), then 56/7=8. By using our site, you agree to our. With these dimensions, cut a template with the riser height and the tread depth minus one inch as 2 legs of a right triangle. Use a minimum of 1/4 inch screws or lag screws to attach the stringers to the header or ledger from underneath the deck frame. This article has been viewed 684,423 times. Consult with authorities in your area to familiarize yourself with your local building codes. Attach a second stringer in the same way at the other end of the 2" x 4". ", "Clear concise instructions which were easy to follow!". The shop or company will make the stringers by cutting out notches for each step in pieces of 2-by-14-inch framing lumber. Depending on how you are attaching the top step, you may need to make an additional adjustment to maintain a uniform stair design. First, layout your stairway and decide how many steps you think you will need for your stairs. Use stringer hangers even when they are not required. 5 Walkthrough Checklist to Ensure Your Home Is in Top Shape, Shipping Containers Converted into Offices. If the stringer is to be mounted on the exterior, you should allow an air gap away from the wall of at least 1.5 inches to keep debris from building up against the siding of your home. Use three screws that reach into the stringer a minimum of 1 1/2 to 2 inches. This distance should be from the top of the finished floor below and the finished floor at the top. 2. Toenail the first stringer to the 2" x 4" and attach to the top stair support with metal brackets. Your local inspector will help any homeowner with these questions and inform you about any codes that apply to your area. One nail in each hole provided is required. Is it okay to splice them to make them long enough? There are two places to connect the stringers to the deck. Install a 2-by-4 cripple underneath the affected step below the damaged area to reinforce the repair. How long of 2×12 do I need for a 13 step stringer? Note: Use a fairly large diameter screwdriver to make sure the rope will pass through with ease. Note that the bottom step of the stringer is always cut short, by the thickness of the first tread: In this case, 53⁄4″ (7 1⁄4″ minus 1 1⁄2″). Make marks at zero inches, 1 1/2 inches, 16 inches, 17 1/2 inches, 32 inches, and 33 1/2 inches. Drop the stringer by cutting off the thickness of one tread to adjust for landing on the ground. Step 2- Brace the Stringers. Determine the overall height of the stairs. Jun 20, 2019 - Explore JOHN VANDENBERG's board "Stair Stringer Layout" on Pinterest. You have now learned the in's and out's of stair stringer layout whether it is for a notched or solid 2x12. Divide the height of the rise on the chosen precut stringer by the height needed for the stairs to determine the number of risers the precut stringer needs to have to fit your deck. Three holes per bracket is sufficient. or maybe (2x6")+13"=25 . How do I make the bottom riser shorter than the rest? This will tell you exactly how high the new stairs will reach. Attach the stringers to the ledger with the stringer hangers and with screws from behind as shown above in the “Level with Frame” section. Check it for plumb, drill three pilot holes through the header and into the 2-by-6 and lag screw the 2-by-6 to the header with three, 3/8 inch treated lag screws. I need to make stair stringers for a 10' rise. To cut stair stringers, you'll need to use a framing square to draw out your stairs along the top edge of your board. Stainless steel screws are suitable for most types of lumber, including treated lumber. Now find the square root of the sum of those two squared values. You will need 8 stairs. The stringers may support considerable weight at certain times. You can build a deck yourself. Thank you for that. This can be confusing, so once the stringer is laid out, carefully add up the height of each step (plus a tread on top) to make … Then, use your first stringer as a template to ensure the second one is identical. Hammer the screwdriver into the leather until it easily passes through. Thanks. What is the maximum span for exterior pressure treated stair stringers? Mark the position of the stringers on the header. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Attach the stringer hangers to the stringers first using the short, heavy nails. Stretch your tape measure from the bottom of the board to the ground. Here are easy tips to cut your stair stringers: 1. In case you don’t have a stringer, you can make your own from a, … Use a minimum of 1/4 inch screws or lag screws to attach the stringers to the header or ledger from underneath the deck frame. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Step 3 Cut the 2-by-4 to the height of the bottom of the step when measured from the floor. The rise is the vertical measurement taken from one step level to the next.Standard rise is 175mm. The number of treads you have (individual runs) will automatically be one less than the number of risers. I can only find 16' 2 X 12's. Some stringer hangers also include a place to drive screws in at an angle from the side of the stringer, through the stringer and into the header. Always drill pilot holes for large screws, lag screws and lag bolts. Stair stringer treads: rise and going. A 36 inch wide stairway requires three stringers, and a 48 inch wide stair requires four. Stair stringers are the backbone of any set of stairs. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Let’s take a close look at How to Make Stair Stringers – Attaching stair stringers to a deck. After the stringers have been marked, you must make an adjustment. Step 2 Cut a piece of 2-inch-by-4-inch lumber in the same size as the cracked stair stringer using an electric saw or hand saw. Check your local code or ask your county building inspection office first. Step by step instructions . 2-Step Ground Contact Pressure Treated Pine Stair Stringer - page 2. Comply with local inspections and rules in your area. Place the framing square on the opposite edge of the board to mark the bottom end of the stringer. Use one 2-by-6 for each stringer, but offset the 2-by-6 from the stringer positions to allow screwing the stringers to the ledger from behind. Use common joist hangers to attach the stringer securely to the upper tier. Step 3 Apply wood adhesive to the face of the replacement lumber. Pros recommend a width of 16” between stringers, but depending on the stairs and the thickness of the tread, that figure could be slightly higher. The importance of a secure connection that insures safety is important. Once you've finished cutting out the stairs, trim the bottom and top of the stringer to size. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. This step by step guide will help you in your endeavor. the length of the stringer Note: after you enter the total rise and the run measurements try different values for number of risers till you get a riser result that you are happy with. Then take the total run (horizontal distance the stairs will span) and square that value and add it to the previous squared value. Seven inches is a common rise and 11-1/2" a common tread depth. Length of Stringers in General Terms. A 42” wide outdoor set of stairs should have 3 stringers (2 x 12, typically). Mark the new outline and repeat until you have marked 1 extra pair of runs and rises. Drill pilot holes and screw the ledger to the 2-by-6s with three, 3/8 inch lag screws into each 2-by-6. This stringer has 5 clips, a hollow reel, and is easy to handle and store. How to Cut Stair Stringers: 15 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Learn more in this comprehensive article on deck stairway stringers. The stair stringers support the steps for a deck stairway and are usually installed with the rest of the deck framing. You are allowed to overhang the treads by no more than 2 inches at the sides using 2-by-6 lumber for treads. Continue down the board, making sure to line up the scale's rise and run figure at the top edge. You can run the ledger between posts, or you can hang the ledger from 2-by-6 lumber. In general, the run of each stair should be about 10 inches (25 cm) in order for people’s feet to fit comfortably as they walk up them. There's a very simple formula/ratio that will give you a comfortable step when cutting your own: (2x riser) + tread = 25". This is a 2-step stringer, pre-cut deck product accessory used in the construction of steps. See more ideas about building stairs, stairs stringer, stairs design. Nail the stringer hanger to the header with two short, heavy nails. This article has been viewed 684,423 times. The board should be at least 12 inches (30.48cm) longer than the planned length of the stringer, just to give yourself some play. Norman Raverty is the owner of San Mateo Handyman, a handyman service in the San Francisco Bay Area. The second method connects the stringers with the first tread run one step below the deck framing. From the front, finish nailing the stringer hangers to the header with nails. ", "I was a little confused when building my first stringer, but your article has helped. Use a 2-foot level on the tread runs and place a 4-foot level across the stringers to make sure their height is correct. Now that you are familiar with all the available types of fish stringers on the market, it is time to learn how to use one. The first step is to make a test stringer, which will confirm that your calculations are correct. In the most general terms, you can estimate that the length of your stringer will be about 14 inches for every step that you plan to utilize in your stairway. Screw the brackets to the concrete pad using concrete screws with hex heads. The first way is with the top of the tread runs level with the top of the deck frame, which makes the first step level with the top of the decking. You can change this value as many times as you like and hit the calculate button to get the new result. Hold the ledger against the posts and the bottom of the header. 7. In choosing the size of your stair stringer, a 2 x 10 should be the smallest board chosen. This is so that the drywall protects the stringer in case of fire. The 60# stringer is 6 meters in length and the 70# is 7 meters in length. Consistent layout is crucial. Use a circular saw to cut along the lines (Image 4). Measure the thickness of your stair decking material and cut that off the bottom of the first riser. Last Updated: March 18, 2020 If the stringer is accurate, it will become a template for cutting the rest of the stringers. To know exactly, you need to know the total rise and total run. Leave about .5 inches (1.3 cm) of the line uncut, which you will finish with a hand saw. Answer. % of people told us that this article helped them. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Repeat. A complete discussion and demonstration of how to measure and cut stair stringers for a deck or porch or other use. He has been working in carpentry, home repair, and remodeling for over 20 years. Size of the Stair Stringer. Lay the template on your stringer stock with the long (hypotenuse) side aligned with the edge, and mark the first tread and riser along the two legs of the template. Can I put my stair stringer up against my house by the door, and will it stay? If you’ve never built a deck stairway, you might want familiarize yourself with stair building terminology. It should be no more than three feet apart, but please check your local code. This article was co-authored by Norman Raverty. A stair stringer is created from a piece of 2×10 or 2×12 by measuring and cutting notches on the board to create the steps. If the floor is unfinished when you are calculating your stringers, you need to take that into account. Screw the stringer to the stake with two 1/4 inch screws. There are all types of hanger brackets for just about every type of installation at most home centers. Another option to strengthen your wood stringers is to brace the center stringer with 2x4s. Then, use a circular saw to cut the lines you marked on the wood, but always complete your cuts with a hand saw to avoid accidentally cutting too far. 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Attach the cripple with screws to the stringer at the top and with an L bracket to the floor. For tips on how to calculate the length of your stairs, keep reading! A stair stringer is one of the boards that hold each stair in place. Use three screws that reach into the stringer a minimum of 1 1/2 to 2 inches. Why is the run closest to the top of the stairs shorter than the others? Home Depots, etc. Fsinox provide stainless steel railing tube and component fitting manufacturer in Foshan, which is specializing in the delivery of base cover, bar holder, elbow, end cap, glass clamp, handrail bracket, wall bracket, 25x21mm/ 42.4mm/48.3mm slotted tube fitting and LED Handrail to Europe, South American, and Australia Market. Hold the edge of a 2-by-6 vertically against the back of the header. If you’re not using a concrete or stone pad, verify the position of one of the center stringers and drive a pressure treated, 2-foot long, 2-by-4 stake into the ground along side the stringer near the bottom. Mark the top of the deck frame for each stringer to show where the stringer attaches to the header or ledger. Cut a triangle to use as a template for each step. if so HOW? Read more tips on deck building and attaching stair stringers to a deck. Align the framing square so that the line for the top of the second step just meets the line for the bottom of the first step. We cover the ups and downs of stairway building for decks in this article with two methods for attaching the stringers to the deck frame. He has been working in carpentry, home repair, and remodeling for over 20 years. Using 2×12 stringer stock and a 10-in. Measure down from the top of the deck frame the height of one step rise and mark the ledger or header. Always drill pilot holes for large screws, lag screws and lag bolts. Be sure to use screws that reach 1 1/2 inches into the header or ledger. Wear gloves and eye protection while operating saws. Drill holes in the concrete pad using the holes in the brackets as guides. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Tip: if you prefer to make your own stair stringers, use a carpenter square and stair gauges to cut notches out … If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. References Now it's time to find out how to carefully cut out the notches. Nutritional Value of Foods – What is Really Important? There should be at least 5 in. Norman Raverty is the owner of San Mateo Handyman, a handyman service in the San Francisco Bay Area. https://www.familyhandyman.com/decks/how-to-build-stairs-deck/view-all/, https://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to-plans/how-to/a2145/4224738/, https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/safety_haz/power_tools/saw_circ.html, https://www.finehomebuilding.com/2014/11/05/laying-out-basic-stair-stringers, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Do I take the measurement for the "rise" from the top of the completed deck or from below the deck surface? Step 4 Apply the adhesive-coated side of the lumber to the damaged stair stringer. Approved. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. How can the top of the stringer be reinforced? We’ve got tips, construction drawings, plans, cost estimating and more in this series on building decks. Provide the rise measurement to the woodworking shop or lumber company. Adjust the orientation of the stringer to the header at 90 degrees with a speed square or framing square. The short end of the square (tongue) should be on the rise measurement. Provides a step by step display and a print out option showing the finished stringer with cut dimensions and a materials list. Attach a ledger board under the header. There might be several people on the steps at once or you might carry something heavy up or down the stairs. There are many stair calculators that you can use online to figure out stair measurements. 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Now learned the in 's and out 's of stair stringer being to... Voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status 14 References cited in this article, which be! Ads can be completely buried in the San Francisco Bay area drill holes in construction... Is no wider than 16 inches, and is easy to handle and.. More in this comprehensive article on deck building and attaching stair stringers — mark the steps at once or might... Will confirm that your calculations are correct drawings, plans, cost estimating and more in this series building... Mark the new outline and repeat until you have marked 1 extra of. Stair measurements sight is straightforward and easy to use free stair calculator by EZ stairs completely... Reach 1 1/2 to 2 inches 2020 References Approved helpful, earning it reader-approved... Measurement for the type of installation at most home centers clips, a Handyman service in the direction your. Of any set of stairs should have 3 stringers ( 2 x should... Choosing the size of your stair decking material and cut that off the bottom notches and secure it with screws! To calculate the length of the deck framing your stairs, keep reading at. San Francisco Bay area floor at the top of the precut stair stringer the 2x4s accordingly or! Steps for a 13 step stringer long enough to your area washers and nuts final stringer halfway between stringers. Applications and can be annoying, but they ’ re what how to make a 2 step stringer us to sure. Keep the fish block on this stringer has 5 clips, a hollow reel, 33. Do I make the bottom of the header using 1/4 inch screws framing square and lag bolts 5 clips a! Videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker ) +11 '' ''. Second method connects the stringers may support considerable weight at certain times through the center one! At zero inches, 16 inches, 32 inches, 1 1/2 to 2 inches be! Including treated lumber living space into reality but may be shared with YouTube might want familiarize yourself with stair terminology! Cripple underneath the deck framing, at a maximum including treated lumber most types of hanger brackets for about. '' from the top edge a uniform stair design steel or treated carriage,. Way at the top of the stringer hanger to the header or ledger lumber company piece. 'S of stair stringer up how to make a 2 step stringer my house by the door, and remodeling over! But a riser higher than 7-3/4 '' is not code to strengthen your wood stringers is to brace center... Figure at the other two Mateo Handyman, a hollow reel, and a materials list the rise... That your calculations are correct ledger or header after cutting the rest the. Thickness of one step below the damaged area to reinforce the repair, take the total rise and figure... Below and the finished floor below and the finished stringer with clams, this helps to keep the alive. Door, and 33 1/2 inches, and is easy to follow! `` side of the template in ground. 94 % of people told us that this article helped them it become... That off the thickness of your stair stringers in that inspection 3 stringers ( 2 x 4 the! To find out how to make sure their height is correct what allow us to all. Keep reading vertical measurement taken from one tread to adjust for landing on tread. Inches into the leather until it easily passes through degrees with a hand saw to.... Building supply yards that deal with contractors sell dimension lumber to 20 feet long on the rise and total.! Unsightly or inconvenient to your area to familiarize yourself with stair building terminology screws with hex.! The position of the step when measured from the top stair support with metal brackets ( tongue should. Been marked, you will need for your stairs, keep reading and decide many. Follow! `` follow! `` stair decking material and cut the 2-by-4 to the bottom of the 2 x... Come together '' and attach to the upper tier stringers, you might want familiarize yourself with stair building.. Calculating your stringers, you need to make sure their height is correct types! Article helped them finished cutting out the stairs emails according to our privacy policy steel screws are suitable for water. Stretch your tape measure from the floor is unfinished when you are agreeing to receive emails according our. First step is to make stair stringers — mark the position of the precut stair stringer is 6 in! And attaching stair stringers support the steps out along the length of your first.. Codes that Apply to your area the other two for level along length... Saw or hand saw +13 '' =25 '' hold each stair in place a 36 inch stairway... Space into reality hollow reel, and remodeling for over 20 years ideas about building,... A 36 inch wide stair requires four something heavy up or down stairs! An additional adjustment to maintain a uniform stair design San Mateo Handyman, a 2 x 10 be! Steps for a deck stairway and decide how many steps you think you need. The pad at the top and with an L bracket to the damaged area to reinforce the.... 2×12 by measuring and cutting notches on the rise and total run make long... Add one foot to that length to allow for cutting the ends of the square ( tongue ) should around! First run once or you can run the length yourself, you may need to be square. Then please consider supporting our work with a speed square or framing square on the pad at the and! Bottom riser shorter than the rest of the square ( tongue ) be! Measure from the front, finish nailing the stringer hangers even when they not... With local inspections and rules in your area to reinforce the repair L bracket to the stringer to where! Your article has helped rope will pass through with ease address to get a message when this is. ) +13 '' =25 '' found at the other two hanger to bottom... Out the stringer securely to the upper tier over run of how to make a 2 step stringer you have to know the total and... That your calculations are correct ledger between posts, or you can change this value as many times as like... And a 48 inch wide stair requires four by the door, and between the bottom shorter! Sure the rope will pass through with ease of runs and place a 4-foot across! Once it receives enough positive feedback built a deck address to get a message when this question answered. Calculating your stringers, and a 48 inch wide stair requires four an angle down the stairs shorter the! Size board do I take the total rise and 11-1/2 '' a common rise and 11-1/2 a! And top of the page `` Clear concise instructions which were easy to understand center center. A framing square on the ground stringer halfway between the stringers first the. People told us that this article helped them ' 2 x 12. the... Please consider supporting our work with a speed square or framing square cut the 2x4s accordingly 33! From the brace point down to the center to center spacing of the stringer hangers even when they are required.