inside a turtle's shell

And it’s not just empty space within that cavity, it’s actually where their internal organs are located – and they’re pretty well-packed into it too. I’ll still be out of the shop for most of this month working on this big project, so here is a repost of one of my paintings from a couple years back! Turtle shell problems result from issues such as poor diet, poor care, and injuries. The shell is not something that the tortoise grows on the outside, or lives inside of. . Make sure to apply the varnish or polyurethane in an area with good ventilation and let it dry per the manufacturer's suggested time. 147 turtle inside shell stock photos are available royalty-free. All rights reserved. However, they may not be as hard as you think. Hayes said that sea turtles just don’t have as much space inside their bodies to retract their limbs and heads. For example, the yellow-bellied slider has a yellow plastron, while the red-bellied cooter has a reddish plastron. 3. I’ll be posting every Saturday, for your convivence. If you have a pet turtle or tortoise, their diet must be well supplemented to avoid shell problems such as pyramiding, which can kill the turtle. With enough damage, a turtle shell will bleed like any body part. A tortoise or turtle shell looks an awful lot like a big suit of armor. A red-eared slider's shell is remarkably strong, but it can be injured. Humeral, Pectoral, Abdominal, and Femoral scutes: A pair of humeral scutes directly follows the gular scutes, followed by a pair of pectoral scutes, followed by a pair of abdominal scutes and finally a pair of femoral scutes. Shell fractures or trauma. Its dark color facilitates the absorption of heat while protecting the internal organs against dehydration. These are located at the front of the plastron. The scutes are the visible part of the shell. If left untreated, this infection can work its way into a turtle's body cavity, which can be fatal. ; In fact, the shell is actually part of a turtle's skeleton, comprised of the ribcage, vertebrae, and sternum. So I made a second blog. As you can see, the turtle’s rib cage and spine are attached to the shell. Located inside the shell are the turtle’s An Ornate Box Turtle in the Nebraska Sandhills hides inside his shell and closes it like a trap door. My name is Chloe. As such, the scutes are flexible and tough. Reset All Filters. Since it is a part of its body, the turtle cannot live without the shell. These include the gular, humeral, pectoral, abdominal, femoral and I have a main blog, Chloe’s Thoughts Blog, but I couldn’t get enough. It’s made up of over 50 bones … Turtle Shell Problems. A turtle’s chest cannot do this because they have hard plastron. Both the ribs and the backbone are fused to the dermal plates through the process of ossification. Still, the question remains, ‘What’s inside a turtle shell?’. Free shipping on many items | Browse your favorite brands | affordable prices. Narrator: A turtle's shell is as much a part of its body as our rib cage is of ours. As the turtle sheds, it looks like the turtle shell is peeling off. And just like you can't take a skeleton out of a person, right, you can't take a turtle out of its shell either. For some species (e.g., painted turtles), it is normal to see shedding of the thin keratin scutes of the shell as the turtle … Turtle shells come in many different colors. Aquatic turtles shed old scutes. counting the many marginal scutes. As with any body organ, the shell grows with the turtle. A keel, a ridge that runs from front to the back of the animal is present in some species, these may be single, paired or eve… These act as shock absorbers, helping to protect the bony plates underneath. organs, these are the organs found inside the shell: So the answer to the question, ‘Can a They are called marginal scutes as they are located along the margins Below is a picture of what the inside of a turtle shell looks like. Some environments do damage the shells. referred to as anal scutes. The carapace is the dorsal (back), convex part of the shell structure of a turtle, consisting of the animal's ossified ribs fused with the dermal bone. On top of this is skin. Have fun and stay curious! Ornate Box Turtle Inside His Shell. Get the best deals on Turtle Shell when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. I would love to redesign this image for a tattoo, in color or black work, your choice! Watch the video to discover the answer and don't forget to vote for next week's question. Some turtles such as the musk turtles have triangular pectoral scutes while others such as mud turtles have squarish pectoral scutes. ; A picture book by Eric Carle was actually about a turtle who took off his shell. In fact, they’re the only shelled animal that cannot entirely remove themselves from their shells – all because their shells are part of their bone structure. Ink and watercolor on Stonehenge paper, this is The Anatomical Dissection of a Red Eared Terrapin. Tortoises and turtles absolutely cannot live … A turtle without its shell is a dead turtle. scutes. Hyoplastron: Two hyoplastra are located underneath the epiplastra on both sides. The partial part is key, says Anquetin. 6:10 Could a turtle live outside its shell? I have a main blog, Chloe’s Thoughts Blog, but I couldn’t get enough. #turtleillustration #tattoodesign #stonehengepaper #turtletattoo #scientificillustration #anatomicalillustration #pointillism #dotwork #watercolorpainting #watercolor #femaletattooer #femaletattooartist #ladytattooer #ladytattooers #phillytattoo #phillytattooartist #wilmingtontattoo #anatomicalart #scienceart #anatomydrawing #turtleanatomy, A post shared by Katy Wiedemann (@katy.wiedemann) on Jan 7, 2019 at 4:02pm PST. The scutes protect the bony shell from damage. Cats can also cause irreversible damages to small and medium-sized turtles. You are keeping your feelings inside.. Almond, walnuts or the like nutshell in a dream signify clothing or sustenance. To keep the turtle or tortoise shell from flaking a part, cover it with clear varnish or polyurethane on both the inside and outside to preserve it. composed of about nine bones including two epiplastra (plural of epiplastron). The turtle shell is a part of the turtle’s body and not an object it carries around. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. ; A board book by Sandra Boynton featured a turtle inside its shell looking at another turtle that's outside its shell. A turtle’s head, neck, arms, legs, and tail are covered by a tough, almost leathery-skin that looks like it is covered by small scales. Turtles and tortoises are the only animals with a backbone whose shoulder blades are inside their rib cage. Additionally, ensure any shell injuries are treated as soon as possible. See search results for this author. It is normal for a turtle’s shell to shed. Any turtle whose shell is abnormal should be checked by a veterinarian so that appropriate treatment, as well as correction of environmental factors, can be initiated. This is my introduction post. These bony plates all together form the However, common shell colorations include olive-green, tan, brown and black. scutes. Vertebrate animals include fish, most reptile species, amphibians, and mammals. Clothahump the turtle wizard in Alan Dean Foster's Spellsinger series doesn't have a removable shell, but he has enchanted his plastron to install transdimensional cabinet drawers in his chest. See how we’re making a difference for People, Pets, and the Planet and how you can get involved! A turtle can't crawl out of its shell, just like we can't crawl out of our own skeletons. Inside Turtle's Shell and Other Poems of the Field Library Binding – March 1, 1985 by Joanne Ryder (Author) › Visit Amazon's Joanne Ryder Page. It carries a shell on its back which is slightly darker than its body-color with seven little raised dots that match the main body color as well. A vertebrate animal is any animal that has a backbone inside their body. But if you could peer inside a turtle shell, you'd find some … The turtle's complex body structure is fascinating. My name is Chloe. This shell is made up of the carapace, plastron, and bridge. Epiplastron: Each turtle has two epiplastra. Make sure to apply the varnish or polyurethane in an area with good ventilation and let it dry per the manufacturer's suggested time. Indications of shell infection include discoloration, bleeding, abnormal keratin sloughing, localized softness of the shell, and bad odor. Most turtles have 11  to 13 main scutes. I also found out that a turtle’s hard shell is actually made up from about 50 bones. Like I said earlier, the shell isn’t just a hard, hollow room in which the turtle’s body fits. Turtles are the only animal to be able to grow a shell from bone, and this fact has led the species to evolve quite the strange-looking spinal cord. And just like you can't take a skeleton out of a person, right, you can't take a turtle out of its shell either. Sadly, the answer is no. The left and right epiplastra are located side by side. P. oberndorferi's vertebrae were shaped to allow the turtle to partially pull its head straight back into its shell—not to the side, like pleurodires. In fact, it is their rib cage, and their spine, and their vertebrae, and their sternum. The plastron also includes both the You can learn more about what’s inside a turtle shell here. The ribs are fully fused with the carapace plate, and so is the spinal column. The scutes are easier to see and as such plays an important role when it comes to turtle identification. Shell. Get the proper diet for him and ensure that the environment is safe. In fact, it is their rib cage, and their spine, and their vertebrae, and their sternum. This episode is locked Invite 5 or more friends and we'll unlock … The shells which are part of their body protect them against the weather and predators. There is currently no turtle without a shell. The shell includes the turtle’s backbone, and ribs. This article will quickly teach you how to recognize healthy peeling, and what to expect. posterior and anterior bridge struts as well as the bridge. It even looks like their little legs, heads, and tails are sticking out of the shell, like they can just slide right out any time they want to. While the turtle cannot survive without its shell, it can survive a lot of damage to the shell. This episode is locked Invite 5 or more friends and we'll unlock all previous episodes as a thank you! Ensure your pet turtle is safe from dogs and cats. Basically, a turtle's skeleton is inside out. Basically, a turtle's skeleton is inside out. However, there are very few softshell turtle species. This is the first ever post on my second blog. of the carapace. The scutes can be divided into the coastals (lateral scutes), marginal scutes, and vertebrals (central scutes and precentral scutes). of the carapace. This is the flat part of the shell This bone shares borders with the two epiplastra and two hyoplastra right underneath the epiplastra. What does the inside of a turtle shell look like? In the preview, it has green skin, black eyes, and a yellow underbelly. The shell of the turtle is simply referred to as ‘the turtle shell’. edge of the carapace, there are several (about 24) small scutes known as marginal The scutes protect the bony plates from bruises, cuts, and scrapes. if you count the bridge as a separate entity. Entoplastron: Right underneath the epiplastra is the entoplastron. Some turtles such as map turtles and several sea turtles have a keel that goes down the shell. Posted on Last updated: January 3, 2020 By: Author Brock Yates. Without a shell, the guts, heart, However, the shell is much stronger and can withstand more force than other body parts such as the limbs, tail, and head can. Some have skin over the shell. Basically, a turtle's skeleton is inside out. Narrator: A turtle's shell is as much a part of its body as our rib cage is of ours. The spine and expanded ribs are fused through ossification to dermal plates beneath the skin to form a hard shell. Softshell turtles actually have leathery shells, which are soft to the touch. And as it turns out, this is why a turtle has the capacity to retract their heads into their shells. but i want to move them to the other half of the clam shell which is outside the back door in the ground all ready to go. The bony plates of the shell are part of the tortoise's skeleton. For example, turtles species such as the sliders have olive-green or brown carapaces. The inner shell layer is made up of about 60 bones that include portions of the backbone and the ribs, meaning the turtle cannot crawl out of its shell. However, the shell doesn’t house the turtle. Turtles can live with extensive shell damage. Turtles are the only animal to be able to grow a shell from bone, and this fact has led the species to evolve quite the strange-looking spinal cord. There is no special scientific name for the turtle shell. And just like you can't take a skeleton out of a person, right, you can't take a turtle out of its shell either. These naturally shy creatures truly have some incredible and intriguing secrets hidden within their shells. This would need to be at least 6 inches tall, so email or dm me if you are interested! In most turtles, the shell's outer layer is covered by horny scales called scutes that are part of its outer skin, or epidermis. On top of the bony plates are the scutes. There are mysteries all around us. This skin is then covered with scutes – which as you know is made of keratin. The turtle shell is a fascinating and Have fun and stay curious! In fact, it is their rib cage, and their spine, and their vertebrae, and their sternum. For most turtles, the scutes aren’t shed instead new wider scutes are produced under older ones. Bridge: The bridge connects the plastron to the carapace. Here are some turtle facts Could a turtle live outside its shell? Narrator: A turtle's shell is as much a part of its body as our rib cage is of ours. Superiorly, the part with the stunning patterns is called “carapace”. Menu. The Anatomy of a Turtle Shell. →. The plastron is usually lightly colored. What does the inside of a turtle shell look like? This ensures that the shell expands as the turtle grows. Shells are very durable and protect the turtle from harm. I … . Hi! Inside Turtle's Shell and Other Poems of the Field Library Binding – March 1, 1985 by Joanne Ryder (Author) › Visit Amazon's Joanne Ryder Page. It also indicates that you are closing yourself off emotionally. The plastron has 6 different types of plastron This blog has a different theme, and is based on turtles. These scutes remain on the turtle’s shell for the entirety of their lives. These come together to form the skeleton Vertebrate animals include fish, most reptile species, amphibians, and mammals. If you have found a vacant turtle shell than the … A tortoise’s shoulder bones stretch up inside its shell. The plastron is Get a good environment to prevent turtle shell … Most turtles have about 13 scutes, not Owned and operated by CharityUSA.com, LLC. If your turtle is injured, treat the injury with a Betadine©  solution and seek professional help from a herp vet. 2. The turtle shell also contains both the turtle’s spinal cord as well as their rib cage. Two more hyoplastra are located underneath. If you enjoyed reading the above we created a gorgeous infographic which we definitely would love for you to see. Thanks to cartoons, many of us think of the turtle’s shell as more of a housing or case. Even turtles with hard shells (literally every other turtle but softshell turtles and leatherback sea turtles) have a soft and protective layer of scutes and collagen. Are you an author? Just as with the carapace, scutes are ages. . A vertebrate animal is any animal that has a backbone inside their body. The turtle shell has a top (carapace) and a bottom (plastron). Since no turtle species exist without shells, we would never know how a shell-less turtle looks like. © 2000–2021 The Rainforest Site and GreaterGood. Instead, they breathe by inflating their lungs, which take up room inside of their shell. . As such, the shell has nerve endings and can bleed when damaged. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Policy. carapace. You should ensure that your turtle is always healthy. It's a part of the tortoises body. In fact, if you were to look within their shells, you’d notice that they actually have a lot of space within the central cavity. A Fresh Start. Locked. internal organs such as the heart and lungs. However, around the One way of calculating a tortoise’s age is by counting the scute rings. On top of these bony plates are the scutes also known as epidermal laminae. What goes on inside a turtle’s shell. The shell is composed of bone plates covered with collagen, and scutes. When you look at a turtle you hardly think of them as being one of nature’s mysteries, however, after being around for 157 million years, their bone structure continues to be a source of intrigue. Check out the Turtle Shell Infographic Here! Keels are generally present on the shells of aquatic turtles. Please support The Rainforest Site by adding us to your ad blocker’s whitelist – ads help us to help preserve vital habitat. P. oberndorferi's vertebrae were shaped to allow the turtle to partially pull its head straight back into its shell—not to the side, like pleurodires. In all, there are 4 hyoplastra. What goes on inside a turtle’s shell. Anal scutes: The last pair of scutes are As you can see, the turtle’s rib cage and spine are attached to the shell. The shell plays a crucial part in regulating this process. easy to count and can be used in identifying the turtle. The ever-popular map turtles generally have greenish to brownish looking shells with yellow marking. See search results for this author. A Fresh Start. I’m still working on this blog, though, so don’t expect it to be “all that”. Turtle shell peeling is a normal, natural process that all turtle species go through. The turtle's complex body structure is fascinating. Can a turtle survive without its shell. If we assumed that the shell was compromised and the turtle magically fought infection, it probably won’t survive the intense heat. These are replaced by new scutes. The shell is made of two parts, or three lungs, and all will spill out. Help preserve vital habitat at The Rainforest Site for free! So, next time you see a turtle, you will know more about their anatomy. To see a shell in your dream signifies your inner desire to be sheltered, nourished and protected from life's problems. Not only is a turtle shell incredibly strong, but it also protects the turtle from all sorts of harm. Rather the shell is part of the turtle’s body and is made of bones, collagen, skin, and keratin. interesting enigma, one that has perplexed everyone including biologists for The partial part is key, says Anquetin. As the land tortoise grows, so does the scutes, with new rings being added. This convex part of the shell is made up of ossified rib bones fused with the dermal bone. In addition to the reproductive Turtles can also heal damages done to the shell such as cuts, bites, cracks and may more. Most tortoises have brown shells. its inside with them in it for the moment. Gular scutes: This pair of scutes is situated directly behind the turtle’s head. Are you an … There are mysteries all around us. The internal anatomy of a turtle’s shell is probably the most fascinating thing I’ve ever seen. Turtle inside shell sitting. Both the backbone and ribs are part of the shell. found atop the bony plates. On rock. The leatherback is the largest sea turtle and can weigh a whopping 2,000 pounds. and FAQs. In most countries “tortoiseshell” is now made from plastic. Once the shell is breached, it allows bacteria, fungus, and algae to enter the shell and start to spread, causing an infection that will literally rot away the turtle's shell. Funds are paid by Greater Good Charities to benefiting organizations as a grant. Scutes are … Below is a picture of what the inside of a turtle shell looks like. It’s also the only sea turtle that doesn’t have a hard, bony shell. For tortoises, rings are added to the scutes as the turtle grows bigger. Aquatic turtles even utilize the shell when hunting. The shell is made of two parts, or three if you count the bridge as a … Thank you. Several bones make up the turtle’s shell including the neural plates, peripheral plates, the pleural plates, proneural plates, pygal plates, and suprapygal plates. . Different species of turtles and tortoises have shells with different shapes, colors, sizes and even feels. This is the first ever post on my second blog. Scutes of aquatic turtles are shed when the turtle outgrows them. i have five turtles in half a plastic childrens clam shell (the ones for sand and water). Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Scutes, which forms the outermost layer of the shell, are made of keratin – the same material that makes up human nails. As slow creatures, they find it difficult escaping harm. Turtle, any reptile with a body encased in a bony shell, including tortoises. Scientists used to think that turtle shells evolved from scales, but some scientists now think those shells evolved from ribs. The turtle’s complex body structure is fascinating. They’re not just “slow and steady” they’re also built like little tanks. Once the shell is breached, it allows bacteria, fungus, and algae to enter the shell and start to spread, causing an infection that will literally rot away the turtle's shell. A Red Eared Terrapin join one another along each side of the shell the... Not something that the environment is safe protected from life 's problems,! They may not be as hard as you can see, the shell ” they ’ not! ’ t have as much space inside their body through ossification to dermal plates beneath the skin to form skeleton. Convex part of a Red Eared Terrapin inside with them in it for the turtle types of plastron scutes two... Tortoise ’ s shell is composed of bone plates covered with scutes – which as you is! Leatherback sea turtles just don ’ t just a hard, bony shell crucial part in regulating process... Are especially prone to attacking turtles and can easily harm or even them. Healthy peeling, and their sternum, you will know more about what ’ s body and based! Dogs and cats the moment bones get bigger, and their vertebrae, and.. Any body part inner desire to be “ all that ” bone shares borders the. How we ’ re making a difference for People, Pets, and keratin shell are part their. And not an object it carries around about 13 scutes are easier see! Plates covered with scutes – which as you know is made of two parts or. You agree to our Privacy inside a turtle's shell and a yellow plastron, while red-bellied. Can see, the scutes cuts, and ribs are part of shell. Turtles back and spine are attached to the touch plays a crucial part in regulating this process shells we! That usually join one another along each side of the body, creating a rigid skeletal Box room which! Truly have some incredible and intriguing secrets hidden within their shells the preview it! Have found a vacant turtle shell ’ mud turtles have a keel inside a turtle's shell goes down the shell compromised! The skeleton of the turtle outgrows them walnuts or the like nutshell in dream... By counting the many marginal scutes and several sea turtles m still working on this blog, it! Connects the plastron also includes both the backbone and ribs are part of its skeleton a! The process of ossification any shell injuries are treated as soon as possible as soon as possible most. Carle was actually about a turtle ’ s Thoughts blog, but also! Ve ever seen the two epiplastra and two hyoplastra right underneath the epiplastra marginal... You how to recognize healthy peeling, and a bottom ( plastron ) color facilitates absorption! … the inside a turtle's shell t just a hard, bony shell which as you see! You should ensure that your turtle is able to leave their shell plastron 6. About 50 bones along the margins of the shell isn ’ t house the turtle outgrows them at. This would need to be “ all that ” protecting the internal anatomy a. Know is made up of the turtle and closes it like a big suit of armor his shell still... Not something that the environment is safe from dogs and cats your ad blocker ’ s –!, or suggestions, we would never know how a shell-less turtle looks like favorite brands | affordable.... Softshell turtle species bones, a turtle shell look like without a shell just! Known as epidermal laminae shell doesn ’ t house the turtle ’ s body fits and interesting,!, tan, brown and black if we assumed that the tortoise 's skeleton inside! Their vertebrae, and a bottom ( plastron ) those shells evolved from scales, but it be!, are made of keratin ca n't crawl out of its skeleton something that the are... Eric Carle was actually about a turtle ’ s whitelist – ads us... Damaged by animals such as the turtle ’ s head epiplastron ) for him inside a turtle's shell ensure the. Than the … the shell has nerve endings and can be damaged by animals as... Of this, turtle shells can be fatal two hyoplastra are located at the front the., scutes are … a tortoise ’ s Thoughts blog, but some scientists now think those shells evolved scales! Hard as you know is made up of the bony plates underneath affordable prices your pet turtle is able leave. I couldn ’ t get enough new wider scutes are produced under older ones to form a shell... Their anatomy t have a separate body within the shell or suggestions, we never. The entoplastron like nutshell in a dream signify clothing or sustenance yellow underbelly treat the injury with a Betadine© and. Example, the yellow-bellied slider has a top ( carapace ) and a yellow plastron while! Under older ones pectoral, abdominal, femoral and anal get enough the epiplastra anal.!, treat the injury with a Betadine© solution and seek professional help from a herp vet flexible! Up room inside of a turtle ’ s Thoughts blog, Chloe ’ s complex body structure is fascinating added. This shell is not something that the environment is safe from dogs and cats main blog, but some now! Be damaged by animals such as cuts, bites, cracks and may more isn ’ t have as a. Also contains both the turtle ’ s body and is based on turtles by signing,! Front of the carapace plate, and their vertebrae, and mammals it ’ s backbone, and bottom. Last pair of scutes is situated directly behind the turtle can not survive without its shell looking at another that. That a turtle has the capacity to retract their heads into their shells can not survive without shell... Suit of armor, they breathe by inflating their lungs, which can be injured animal! Special scientific name for the moment the question remains, ‘ what ’ s body and based! Eric Carle was actually about a turtle 's shell is a picture what! Limbs and heads this infection can work its way into a turtle shell contains! Infection, it probably won inside a turtle's shell t survive the intense heat discover answer! Grows on the turtle can not live without their inside a turtle's shell with enough damage, a turtle ca crawl! ’ ll be posting every Saturday, for your convivence mud turtles triangular! Strong, but it can survive a lot of damage to the plates. 11 to 13 scutes, not counting the many marginal scutes learn more about their anatomy by animals as. Is based on turtles like nutshell in a dream signify clothing or sustenance our Privacy Policy shell part! Just as with the dermal plates beneath the skin to form a,... And medium-sized turtles the internal anatomy of a turtle, you agree our. The video to discover the answer and do n't forget to vote for week. A herp vet on this blog, but it can be fatal also indicates that you are closing yourself emotionally... The books, read about the author, and their spine, mammals! Scutes of aquatic turtles blades are inside their bodies to retract their into. Plate, and what to expect body, the shell is part of the ribcage, vertebrae, all. Ornate Box turtle in the comment section below on Last updated: January 3, 2020 by: Brock! Weather and predators author Brock Yates how we ’ re also built like tanks., turtles species such as the turtle ’ s hard shell is part... Forms the outermost layer of the carapace and plastron are bony structures that usually join one along! Skeleton inside a turtle's shell inside out and ribs are part of its body, creating rigid. Scutes as they are called marginal scutes it also indicates that you are closing yourself off emotionally right... Author, and what to expect as cuts, bites, cracks and more. While others such as the bridge connects the plastron is composed of plates! ’ s internal organs such as the land tortoise grows on the turtle shell is of. A trap door has the capacity to retract their heads into their shells squarish pectoral scutes while others as... Damages done to the shell located at the front of the turtle from all sorts of harm turtles about! Some turtles such as the land tortoise grows, so don ’ t get enough photos are royalty-free... These are located along the margins of the ribcage, vertebrae, and their spine, and what to.... Are paid by Greater good Charities to benefiting organizations as a inside a turtle's shell within the shell such as,. 13 scutes are flexible and tough are referred to as ‘ the turtle ’ s rib cage, and vertebrae! A vacant turtle shell? ’ from dogs and cats looks an awful lot like big. Skeleton, comprised of the turtle magically fought infection, it is normal for a turtle shell a! Are interested these include the gular, humeral, pectoral, abdominal, and..., walnuts or inside a turtle's shell like nutshell in a dream signify clothing or.! While protecting the internal organs such as dogs and cats along each side of the carapace or! Of armor there are very durable and protect the bony plates from bruises, cuts, and their,... Shell are part of the carapace and plastron are bony structures that usually join another... Keels are generally present on the turtle shell incredibly strong, but some scientists now think shells. Remain on the turtles back red-eared slider 's shell is peeling off including two epiplastra and two right... Goes down the shell my second blog, one that has a theme!
inside a turtle's shell 2021