Historia, Band XXXVIII/2 (1989) ? recent questions recent answers. During the final fight there were the 300 Spartans plus 700 Thespians, led by their general Demophilus, who refused to leave and committed themselves to the fight. C. Sparta and Athens came together to defeat the Persians. the Greeks, being small, had to concentrate on quality instead of quantity. Though the Athenians had battled with the Persians alone in 490 BC in Marathon, they were still victorious. In The Persians, Xerxes invites the gods' enmity for his hubristic expedition against Greece in 480/79 BCE; the focus of the drama is the defeat of Xerxes' navy at Salamis. There are two factors that helped the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire. The Spartans fought alone without the help of Athens. he sent soldiers in 800 ships to attack Greece. Add your answer and earn points. Greek soldiers started training at a very young age and were all very good fighters and extremely fit. How did the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire? On this occasion, Themistocles persuaded the Greek city-states to stay and force the Persians into battle. The greatest example of this is that after the Greeks defeated the Persians in the battle of Marathon, the Persians decided to attack Athens, since the vast majority of it's forces was in Marathon. Answer Save. [ Also present were the 400 Thebans and probably the helots who had accompanied the Spartans. The Greek army defeated the Persians. 1. 5 Answers. Though the Persians ultimately won this conflict, it started to create a sense of unity a… Relevance. In the resulting battle, the Greeks badly defeated the enemy and forced them to flee. A brief treatment of the Greco-Persian Wars follows. It was the first time the Greeks had beaten the Persians, proving that the Persians were not invincible, and that resistance, rather than subjugation, was possible. The Greek triremes then attacked furiously, ramming or sinking many Persian vessels and boarding others. The Persians still had more soldiers and sailors than the Greeks. 2. This time the Persians met Greek forces made up of armies and navies from many city-states, including Athens and Sparta. Around 522 BC, they started conquering some of the smaller Greek city-states that were located over by the Aegean Sea. In August, the Persian army met Greek troops at the pass of Thermopylae while their ships encountered the allied fleet in the Straits of Artemisium. It started in 500 BC, when a few Greek city-states on the coast of Asia Minor, who were under the control of the Persian Empire, revolted against the despotic rule of the Persian king Darius. The Persians were forced to return home. Answer this question. For the Greeks, though, they were even more prepared for Xerxes than they were ten years prior. A. 4 Thuc. The golden age of Greece came to an end. The Spartans fought alone without the help of Athens. The Persian Empire was a strong, united force. Following the Persian withdrawal from Europe and the Greek victory at Mycale, Macedon and the city-states of Ionia regained their independence. Drag the events to the correct boxes. The Greeks were aware that the invading force was superior in numbers and believed it was necessary to get the Persians to fight in as narrow a space as possible. Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH, Sitz Stuttgart. 3 Answers. Xerxes had one thing on his mind – to succeed where Darius had failed. 2. [ Also present were the 400 Thebans and probably the helots who had accompanied the Spartans. Yet, the Greeks were the ultimate victors by the war’s end. Have you ever thought about what would have happened to Greece if the Persian Empire were successful in defeating them? and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes At sea a detachment of 200 Persian ships attempted to surprise the Greek fleet, but the Greeks, forewarned, engaged the main Persian navy. Regrouping, the Greeks were able to lure the Persian fleet into the narrow waters around Salamis which negated their numerical advantage. Athens against Sparta. After battle they managed to expel the Persians in Marathon. The Greeks also used surprise maneuvers to defeat the Persians. What followed was a six-year conflict known as the Ionian Revolt, which took place on the western coast in Anatolia. As the war progressed, however, the Greeks managed to join forces. The colonies from coastal regions united in seceding from Persia and the Greeks from the mainland came to help them (Backman, pg124). King Leonidas told most of his troops to flee, but stayed behind with a small force including his 300 Spartans in order to allow the rest of the Greek army to escape. Goes to show you how much training and … • Cloudflare Ray ID: 6128b4171e0d4a79 There was a few reason that contributed to their win against Persia. It was only ten years later that Xerxes, son of Darius I, organized a major invasion of Greece. Having defeated the Persian fleet at the Battle of Salamis the Greeks gained the mastery of the seas, and this allowed them to harass and completely cut off the Persian supply lines. Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones tells Melvyn Bragg the Persians lacked the drive and fervour of the Greeks in the Battle of Salamis. It is possible that the Greek culture may have developed much differently had the region been taken over by the Persian Empire. In 500 BC, the Greeks showed the Persians that they weren’t going to allow themselves to be conquered without a fight. Another factor was that by uniting the city-states, particularly the Spartans and Athenians, it created a skilled, well balanced army that was able to defeat the Persians despite their numbers. During the final fight there were the 300 Spartans plus 700 Thespians, led by their general Demophilus, who refused to leave and committed themselves to the fight. By uniting, given the time gained by Leonidas at Thermopylae, and then the naval defeat of the Persians (superior strategy) at Salamis. Nor did the Greeks defeat the Persians at Thermopylae but they did delay them for three days. Nor did the Greeks defeat the Persians at Thermopylae but they did delay them for three days. In conclusion the causes for the Persian defeat in Greece were set in motion by the terrible storms en route to, and the casualties inflicted during, the battle of Artemision that meant the Persians could no longer split their naval force. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. It seems that the Thespians … D. Athens Much is made of the heroic stand by Leonidas at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC. Ten years later, Persia had a new king – Xerxes. he sent soldiers in 800 ships to attack Greece. The defeat at Marathon barely touched the vast resources of the Persian empire, yet for the Greeks it was an enormously significant victory. At the time, the two most formidable of the city-states were Sparta, known for their military, and Athens, who was known for its impressive naval fleet. The Greco-Persian Wars, which took place from 492 BC to 449 BC, happened at a time when the Persian Empire was at its peak. Written by GreekBoston.com in Ancient Greek History Tweet. Through the strategy of … Pushing south into Greece, the Persians were supported offshore by a large fleet. At the time of the war, Greece was still divided into multiple city states, each with varying populations and degrees of military strength. Favorite Answer. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. The Greek fleet defeated the Persians at the Battle of Salamis. The Spartan army laid siege to the city of Athens. Why did the Greeks beat the Persians although the Persians had masses of men. Once their supplies lines were cut, the Persian numerical superiority turned into a liability. The Persians defeated the Greeks at Thermopylae in central Greece, but they suffered heavy losses. Before the war began, the Persians began moving their way towards Greece. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Given Aeschylus' propensity for writing connected trilogies, the theme of divine retribution may connect the three. The golden age of Greece came to an end. Having defeated the Persian fleet at the Battle of Salamis the Greeks gained the mastery of the seas, and this allowed them to harass and completely cut off the Persian supply lines. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Comments Off on Greco-Persian Wars: How the Greeks Defeated the Persians. Xerxes then went home with many of his soldiers but a Persian army stayed in Greece. Greek civilization was able to … Drag the events to the correct boxes. The rest of the Persian fleet was scattered, … 1.69.5. The Spartans fought to the death, killing as many Persians as they could. Sparta and Athens came together to defeat the Persians. He spent much of his time building his forces to an even greater number than what his predecessor, King Darius, had. How did they do it? B. Aeschylus himself had fought the Persians at Marathon (490 BC). That night a tremendous storm destroyed the Persian squadron while the Greeks were safely in port. Though the outcome of battles seemed to tip in Persia’s favor (such as the famed battle at Thermopylae where a limited number of Spartans managed to wage an impressive stand against the Persians), the Greeks won the war. How did the athenians defeat the Persians 1 See answer mahimakashyap912 is waiting for your help. D. Athens fought alone without the help of Sparta. The Spartans alone did not fight or defeat Persians and Persian allies. The Greeks held off the Persians killing thousands, until the Persians found a way around the mountains and got behind the Greeks. • 1 decade ago. After the final defeat of the Persians at Marathon, however, Darius died before he could lay siege to the Greek Peloponnese and mainland again. The Greeks held off the Persians killing thousands, until the Persians found a way around the mountains and got behind the Greeks. 1 decade ago. Once the Vale of Tempe was rejected because it could be bypassed, the Greeks settled on the pass of Thermopylae. Robert Drews, The Greek Accounts of Eastern History (Washington D.C. 1973), 69-72. The sacrifice of the Spartan king and hundreds of troops was significant insofar as it delayed the Persian army’s march. The Persian Wars: How the Greeks Won The Persian Wars were a series of conflicts fought between the Greek states and the Persian Empire from 500-449 BC. B. Once their supplies lines were cut, the Persian numerical superiority turned into a liability. 2 Chester G. Starr, -Why did the Greeks Defeat the Persians?" Get an answer for 'How did the geography of the Greek peninsula help them defeat the Persians?' The Greeks simply wouldn’t accept the idea of being invaded by another country and they fought until they won. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. After the Persians were defeated at Platea, the Spartans did very little. In this scenario the Greeks lost some battles again, but, temporarily managed to stop the Persian invasions and for their defense they created an Alliance that was able to unite the different Greek … The Greek commander, Themistocles, then lured the Persian fleet into the narrow waters of the strait at Salamis, where the massed Persian ships had difficulty maneuvering. on Greco-Persian Wars: How the Greeks Defeated the Persians, Linear B Script: Alphabet of the Mycenaeans, Get to Know Jason – Hero of Greek Mythology. Hope you enjoy. The allied Greeks followed up their success by destroying the rest of the Persian fleet at the Battle of Mycale, before expelling Persian garrisons from Sestos (479 BC) and Byzantium (478 BC). Greeks Defeat the Persians and Save Greek Civilization in This Epic Battle. When he learns of the Persian defeat, Darius condemns the hubris behind his son’s decision to invade Greece and particularly his decision to build a bridge over the Hellespont to expedite the Persian army’s advance, which, he argues, merely angered the gods and led to the Persian defeat. The Greeks did not pursue the retreating Persian army, which went on to occupy winter quarters in Thessaly. The Greeks sank about 300 Persian vessels while losing only about 40 of their own. Yet it was Greece consistently defeating its much larger rival, and ultimately destroying it at the hands of Alexander. The Spartans were in charge of the war on land and the Athenians were in charge of the war by the sea. 0 0. Where did the Greeks defeat the Persians in the first invasion? They decided to meet the Persians at a narrow pass in the mountains called Thermopylae. Persia therefore outnumbered Greece 100:1. Though both were powerful, they were still divided. … The Greeks decided to defend the Isthmus of Corinth, so they destroyed the only road through it and built a wall. It was chosen because it could be defended by a relatively small number of Hoplites. The actions of the general Free e-mail watchdog. Initially the Persians won several battles. In 480 B.C. How were the Greeks able to defeat the Persians? The Persians still had more soldiers and sailors than the Greeks. Lv 7. 5 T. Cuyler Young, Jr. "480/479 B.C.-A Persian Perspective," Iranica Antiqua 15 (1980), 213-39. Where did the Greeks defeat the Persians in the first invasion? Only in 490 B. C. did the Greeks achieve victory over the Persians. This army was defeated at the Battle of Platea in 479 BC. C. Sparta and Athens came together to defeat the Persians. Explanation: The Persian Wars were a series of armed conflicts between the Greek polis and the Persian Empire, in the 5th century BC. Parola del Passato 17 (1962), 321-32. With the Persian defeat came a thriving period of time where the Greek city-states began to really flourish. Macedonia conquered all of Greece. c. defeated the Persians, even though they were badly outnumbered a. gave other Greek city-states time to prepare to fight. Invading Greece in the summer of 480 BC, Persian troops led by Xerxes I was opposed by an alliance of Greek city-states. How were the Greeks able to defeat the Persians? Consequently, how did Greek city states come together to defeat Persia? By the way, the Discord is dead and will never live again. Persia invaded Greece in 490, leading to the Persians' defeat at Marathon, and in 480 BCE. The Persian army and navy were too weak to win. The Persians had a long supply line that was vulnerable to attacks. This time the Persians met Greek forces made up of armies and navies from many city-states, including Athens and Sparta. Since the Athenians were victorious, this held off the Persians for about ten years before they launched another wave of attacks.Note that about 15,000 soldiers outnumbered the Athenians yet they won the battle with fewer than 200 casualties. Second, he saw an opportunity to expand his empire westward. Later Alexander invaded and defeated them by his sheer brilliance. In the generation before 522, the Persian kings Cyrus II and Cambyses II extended their rule from the Indus River valley to the Aegean Sea.After the defeat of the Lydian king Croesus (c. 546), the Persians gradually conquered the small Greek city-states … If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Favourite answer. The Greeks defeated the Persians in a sea battle led by Xerxes never forgot his father's defeat at the hands of the Greeks. Before the war began, the Persians began moving their way towards Greece. Many Greek city states allied and defeated Persians in land and sea battles in two separate wars. Answer Save. However, on the second night a Greek traitor guided the best … He may even have fought at Salamis, just eight years before the … Naz F . Tim D. 1 decade ago . These conflicts were initiated by the will of the Persian emperors to expand their dominions across the Mediterranean Sea, as well as to eliminate the eventual threat that the Greeks, especially Athens and Sparta, represented to their power. D. Athens fought alone without the help of Sparta. The Persian Wars were a series of armed conflicts between the Greek polis and the Persian Empire, in the 5th century BC. Around 522 BC, they started conquering some of the smaller Greek city-states that were located over by the Aegean Sea. One reason that the Greeks defeated the Persians when the Persians invaded in 480 is that the Persian army under Xerxes took so long to transport their armies to Greece that the Greeks had ample time to prepare a defense. A. Next, the Persians marched on the city of Athens but found that it has been evacuated. The Role of Themistocles in the Greek Defeat of the Persians in 480 - 479 BC. On land the Persians attacked the Greeks at Thermopylae for two days but suffered heavy losses. Athens and Sparta formed opposing alliances. How did the greeks defeat the persians? For full treatment, see ancient Greek civilization: The Persian Wars. The campaign had witnessed the Greeks pushed south and Athens captured. The Persian army and navy were too weak to win. This sense of unity is part of what made Greek city-states ultimately successful. What followed was a six-year conflict known as the Ionian Revolt, which took place on the western coast in Anatolia. In 500 BC, the Greeks showed the Persians that they weren’t going to allow themselves to be conquered without a fight. Because the spartens were well trained and weren't afraid to die and the persian army was a bunch of random people that were not properly trained and didnt really want to die for thier "god". First, he wished to punish the Greeks for their support of the cities of Ionia (in modern-day Turkey) during a revolt against Persian rule. The first was the sheer tenacity of their soldiers. At the beginning of the 5th century BC, the Persian Empire extended from modern day India to western Turkey and as far south as Egypt. Tony B. Lv 7. The Persians had a long supply line that was vulnerable to attacks. The Greeks also used surprise maneuvers … Yet in a sea battle near the island of Salamis (SAL»uh»muhs), the Greeks defeated the Persians. Relevance. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The unity created a well-balanced army that was skilled and could defeat the Persians regardless of their huge number. They pretended to retreat but lured the Persian ships into the straits of Salamis, where they the Persians were defeated. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. At a series of battles from 490 BCE (Marathon), through Salamis (480 BCE), Plataea and Mycale (479 BCE) through to Cyprus (450 BCE). At this juncture the Persians believed they were forced to neutralise the Greek fleet before they could continue the fight on land at the Isthmus. Your IP: 167.71.45.142 diksha93949 diksha93949 Answer: The Greco Persian Wars(also called the Persian Wars) where a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that starts in 499Bc and lasted until 449Bc. In 480 B.C. The Greeks put together a small force, led by the Spartan King Leonidas I and 300 Spartans. The Persian ruler, Xerxes, fuelled by his father Darius' past defeats, vowed to extend the empire further west into the lands of Greece though was unsuccessful. The real decision came in the following year, 479, when the Persian commander Mardonius turned out to have insufficient troops to defeat a united Greek army at Plataea. Though the Persians ultimately won this conflict, it started to create a sense of unity amongst the Greek city-states because Athens sent a small fleet in support of Ionians. At Marathon, and ultimately destroying it at the Battle of Platea in 479 BC it could be,... Force the Persians in the Greek city-states began to really flourish lines were cut the. Army stayed in Greece ( 1962 ), 69-72 many city-states, including Athens Sparta! Helots who had accompanied the Spartans fought alone without the help of but... 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